Beetroot is a herbaceous root plant. It is a plant of the species called Beta vulgaris which has been reared in agriculture for centuries by humans and has been developed in many breeds. Its tap root is often light-sweet and its color is red, purple, yellow or white.
Beet cultivation: - Beetroot is a sugar-producing plant of Chinipodeceae clan. Beetroot is an important low yielding crop for small jute areas. This saline land of which P.H. A value of 9.5 can also be grown successfully. Beetroot is used as a vegetable and salad. Approximately 5-10 tons / hack for a good beet crop. Green leaves are available Beet leaves have a lot of nitrogen, so they can also be added as green manure. Estimated 100 kg from leaves obtained from good crop. The descendants join the land.
Climate and soil: - Beetroot can be grown easily in all types of climates. These temperatures are ineffective and less tolerant of air, requiring full luminosity. Can be cultivated in less water. A good yield of beet can be obtained at a temperature of 20–22 ° C. Due to cold weather it produces high sugar and produces a deep red color inside the roots. The proper sowing time is from October to November. Soil loam and loam soil, soil with good drainage are suitable. It can also be grown successfully in alkaline soil.
Preparation of beetroot field: - After plowing the first plowing soil with a plow plow, one should plow the cross in the cross with the cultivator and finally plow the field by digging. There should be sufficient moisture in the field at the time of plowing.
Manure and Fertilizer Management: - 25 tons / hacks of well rotten cow dung manure. The amount should be added at the time of preparation of the field. 120 kg The nitrogen that is available in three stages at 1/3 sowing, 1/3 at the time of sowing, the remaining 3-4 months after sowing, phosphorus 60 and potash 40 kg. Micro quantity of boron is required. Borox 11 kg / hack if needed for this. Can be given.
Beet irrigation: - The assured intervals for irrigation are not fixed, but 6-7 irrigations are beneficial. The first two irrigations should be given at an interval of 15-20 days and later at 20-25 days till harvesting.
:- Aashish Pal Karauli (Karauli sabji bazar)